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Municipality of Ravenna

Gustav Klimt

Via Argentario, 22 - Ravenna
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“Arrived here last night in the rain safe and sound − downpour all night − even in hotel room down from ceiling − today the sun at last – Ravenna very miserable − the mosaics of unparalleled splendor. Warm regards to you and the others. Gustav”
(Postcard from Ravenna, 1903)

In 1903, in May, and then again in December, Gustav Klimt, then 41 years old and already acclaimed as one of Europe’s foremost artists, came to Italy in search of new sources of inspiration and pure beauty, also arriving in Ravenna.

There are two comments that we know of from the postcards sent to his acquaintances. In both of them Klimt predominantly expresses a snobbish annoyance at the dreary climate and the somewhat run-down socio-economic atmosphere it exuded. Far from the pomp of Vienna and the splendours of the Secession, it did not seem at all to presage what, only a few years later, would be the dissolution of the Empire and the outbreak of the First World War.

Bad weather and humble lodgings aside, Klimt was struck by what ― like his beloved gold ― appeared to him in Ravenna to be of equally eternal significance: mosaic. Compared with the poverty of his surroundings, he would have to admit, however, when writing to his companion, that “the mosaics are of incredible splendour”.

The son of the goldsmith Ernst Klimt and with a solid technical grounding in the art of mosaic, he was able to acquaint himself with and truly appreciate the art of the masters of Ravenna and their placing together of the tesserae of the Byzantine mosaics, and was dazzled by the golden light of ancient Byzantium that glowed there.

From that moment on, working with “gold” material acquired its true expressive value, so much so that it provided him with the distinctive chromatic texture of his paintings: the so-called “Golden Period”, which began in Ravenna.

After his immersion in the Byzantine atmosphere, the painter returned to Austria more determined than ever to devote himself entirely to the world of beauty, creating The Three Ages of Women (1905), Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer (1907) and his perhaps most famous work, The Kiss (1908).



In Ravenna a woman by Klimt

There is a special bond between Ravenna and Gustav Klimt. If, on the occasions of his visits to the city, the greatest artist of the Secession was nourished by the intoxicating splendour of the gold of Byzantine mosaics, the city today is endowed with a drawing by the artist, Nudo di Donna, at the Mar − Museo d’Arte della città di Ravenna. Created in 1914-15 at the outbreak of the World War, the painting was purchased in 1919, a year after the artist’s death, on commission by Corrado Ricci for the then Academy of Fine Arts.

So, ten years after his visit to Ravenna, during the period in which Sigmund Freud theorized the sexual origin of neurosis and Weininger published Sex and Character, Klimt too placed a female body at the centre of his graphic studies, by means only of the soft and light shapes of drawing, free from gold and precious mosaic tesserae, as an expression of pure sensuality and eroticism.

Further information

A cura della Redazione Locale

Last edit:18 January 2021

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