At the end of the 5th Century, when Theoderic had already consolidated his dominion and Arianism had become the official religion of the Court, the Arian Baptistery was built in the small square of the church of the Holy Spirit, the former Arian cathedral.
The building, octagonal in shape and with four small external apses, has sunk about 2.3 metres into the ground. Nothing remains of the various stuccos and decorations which certainly covered the internal walls. The cupola, instead, is adorned with mosaics depicting the procession of the twelve Apostles and the baptism of Christ, whose naked and young body is immersed in water to the hips.
Although it shows the same iconographical structure of its model, the Baptistery of Neon, the mosaics of the Arian Baptistery are an evidence of the religious beliefs of Theoderic's court, based on Christ as both an earthly and divine figure.
While in the Orthodox Baptistery the 12 apostles hail the image of Christ on the central medallion as God’s son, in the Arian Baptistery they pay homage to a big throne decorated with gems and topped by a cross, from the arms of which hangs a purple cloth, symbol of Jesus’ corporeity and human suffering.
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The Arian Baptistery belongs to the MIBACT - Polo Museale of Emilia Romagna (Ravenna Department)
The baptistery is closed until Friday 3 April
Free admission on the first Sunday of the month; during special events by MIBACT (Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities); EU citizens aged less than 18 years; non-EU citizens under age; disabled and carers; non-EU citizens with conditions of reciprocity; EU guides and interpreters; MIBACT's staff; I.C.O.M. members; students of EU public and private schools accompanied by teachers; students of Higher Education courses organized by MIBACT; teachers and students of the Academy of Fine Arts and corresponding institutes of the European Union; high school teachers of art history; professors and graduate or post-graduate students of Art and Architecture; journalists with card
The Baptistery is accessible to disabled people
The Baptistery is situated in the controlled traffic zone of the city centre, 100m. away from a car park. Bus stop 100m away (all routes). Close to Basilica of the Holy Spirit
Edited by the editorial team
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Last modified date: 09/03/2020